Publications & Awards

Publications - Peer Review Journals:

1. McAfee PC, Farey ID, Sutterlin CE, Gurr KR, Warden KE, Cunningham BW. Device-related osteoporosis with spinal instrumentation. A canine model. Spine. 1989;14(9):919-926. (Winner, 1989 Volvo Award for Basic Science Research in Low Back Pain)

2. Ruland CM, McAfee PC, Warden KE, Cunningham BW. Triangulation of pedicular instrumentation. A biomechanical analysis. Spine. 1991;16(suppl 6):270S-276S.

3. McAfee PC, Farey ID, Sutterlin CE, Gurr KR, Warden KE, Cunningham BW. The effect of spinal implant rigidity on vertebral bone density. A canine model. Spine. 1991;16(suppl 6):190S-197S.

4. Shirado O, Zdeblick TA, McAfee PC, Cunningham BW, DeGroot H, Warden KE. Quantitative histologic study of the influence of anterior spinal instrumentation and biodegradable polymer on lumbar interbody fusion after corpectomy. A canine model. Spine. 1992;17(7):795-803.

5. McCord DH, Cunningham BW, Shono Y, Myers JJ, McAfee PC. Biomechanical analysis of lumbosacral fixation. Spine. 1992;17(suppl 8):235S-243S. (Winner, 1991 North American Spine Society Award and 1991 American Orthopaedic Association Award)

6. Brantigan JW, Cunningham BW, Warden KE, McAfee PC, Steffee AD. Compression strength of donor bone for posterior lumbar interbody fusion. Spine. 1993;18(9):1213-1221.

7. Cunningham BW, Sefter JC, Shono Y, McAfee PC. Static and cyclical biomechanical analysis of pedicle screw spinal constructs. Spine. 1993;18(12):1677-1688.

8. Shono Y, McAfee PC, Cunningham BW. A biomechanical analysis of decompression and reconstruction methods in the cervical spine. Emphasis on a carbon-fiber-composite cage. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1993;75(11):1674-1684. (1991 CSRS Resident Award Paper)

9. Shono Y, McAfee PC, Cunningham BW. The pathomechanics of compression injuries in the cervical spine. Nondestructive and destructive investigative methods. Spine. 1993;18(14):2009-2019. (Winner, 1992 CSRS Research Award)

10. Shono Y, McAfee PC, Cunningham BW. Experimental study of thoracolumbar burst fractures. A radiographic and biomechanical analysis of anterior and posterior instrumentation systems. Spine. 1994;19(15):1711-1722.

11. Brantigan JW, McAfee PC, Cunningham BW, Wang H, Orbegoso CM. Interbody lumbar fusion using a carbon fiber cage implant versus allograft bone. An investigational study in the Spanish goat. Spine. 1994;19(13):1436-1444.

12. Curtis MJ, Jinnah RH, Cunningham BW, Wilson VD. Proximal femoral fractures: a biomechanical study to compare intramedullary and extramedullary fixation. Injury. 1994;25(2):99-104.

13. Bhatia D, Myerson MS, Curtis MJ, Cunningham BW, Jinnah RH. Anatomical restraints to dislocation of the second metatarsophalangeal joint and assessment of a repair technique. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1992;76(9):1371-1375. (Winner, 1992 Richards Resident Award)

14. Kotani Y, Cunningham BW, Abumi K, McAfee PC. Biomechanical analysis of cervical stabilization systems. An assessment of transpedicular screw fixation in the cervical spine. Spine. 1994;19(22):2529-2539.

15. Fairbank A, Thomas D, Cunningham BW, Curtis M, Jinnah RH. Stability of reamed and unreamed intramedullary tibial nails: a biomechanical study. Injury. 1995;26(7):483-485.

16. Juliano PJ, Myerson MS, Cunningham BW. Biomechanical assessment of a new tenodesis for correction of hallux varus. Foot Ankle Int. 1996;17(1):17-20.

17. Kotani Y, Cunningham BW, Cappuccino A, McAfee PC. The role of spinal instrumentation in augmenting posterolateral fusion. Spine. 1996;21(3):278-287.

18. Weis JC, Cunningham BW, Kanayama M, Parker L, McAfee PC. In vitro biomechanical comparison of multistrand cables with conventional cervical stabilization. Spine. 1996;21(18):2108-2114.

19. Kanayama M, Cunningham BW, Weis JC, Parker LM, Kaneda K, McAfee PC. Maturation of the posterolateral spinal fusion and its effect on load-sharing of spinal instrumentation. An in vivo sheep model. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1998;79(11):1710-1720. (Winner, 1998 Japanese Spine Research Society Award for Basic Science Research)

20. Cunningham BW. Point of view commentary - JF Cusick et al. Wire fixation techniques of the cervical facets. Spine. 1997;22(9):970-976.

21. Cunningham BW, Kotani Y, McNulty PS, Cappuccino A, McAfee PC. The effect of spinal destabilization and instrumentation on lumbar intradiscal pressure. An in vitro biomechanical analysis. Spine. 1997;22(22):2655-2663.

22. Kotani Y, Cunningham BW, Cappuccino A, Kaneda K, McAfee PC. The effects of spinal fixation and destabilization on the biomechanical and histologic properties of spinal ligaments. An in vivo study. Spine. 1998;23(6):672-683.

23. Kanayama M, Cunningham BW, Weis JC, Parker LM, Kaneda K, McAfee PC: The effects of rigid spinal instrumentation and solid bony fusion on spinal kinematics. A posterolateral spinal arthrodesis model. Spine. 1998;23(7):767-773.

24. Cunningham BW, Kotani Y, McNulty PS, et al. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery versus open thoracotomy for anterior thoracic spinal fusion. A comparative radiographic, biomechanical, and histologic analysis in a sheep model. Spine. 1998;23(12):1333-1340.

25. Cunningham BW, DiStefano AF, Kirjanov NA, Levine SE, Schon LC. A comparative mechanical analysis of the pointe shoe toe box. An in vitro study. Am J Sports Med. 1998;26(4):555-561.

26. Kotani, Y, McNulty PS, Abumi K, Cunningham BW, Kaneda K, McAfee, PC. The role of anteromedial foraminotomy and the uncovertebral joints in the stability of the cervical spine. A biomechanical study. Spine. 1998;23(14):1559-1565.

27. Shono Y, Kaneda K, Abumi K, McAfee PC, Cunningham B. Stability of posterior spinal instrumentation and its effects on adjacent motion segments in the lumbosacral spine. Spine. 1998;23(14):1550-1558.

28. Cunningham BW, Kanayama M, Parker LM, et al. Osteogenic protein versus autologous interbody arthrodesis in the sheep thoracic spine. A comparative endoscopic study using the Bagby and Kuslich interbody fusion device. Spine. 1999;24(6):509-518.

29. Spiegel DA, Drummond DS, Cunningham BW, et al. Augmentation of an anterior solid rod construct with threaded cortical bone dowels. A biomechanical study. Spine. 1999;24(22):2300-2306.

30. Oda I, Abumi K, Sell LC, Haggerty CJ, Cunningham BW, Kaneda K, McAfee PC. Biomchanical evaluation of five different occipito-atlanto-axial fixation techniques. Spine. 1999;24(22):2377-2382.

31. Oda I, Cunningham BW, Abumi K, Kaneda K, McAfee PC. The stability of reconstruction methods after thoracolumbar total spondylectomy. An in vitro investigation. Spine. 1999;24(16):1634-1638. (Winner, 1998 Moe Exhibit Award, Scoliosis Research Society)

32. Kanayama M, Ng JTW, Cunningham BW, Abumi K, Kaneda K, McAfee PC. Biomechanical analysis of anterior versus circumferential spinal reconstruction for various anatomic stages of tumor lesions. Spine. 1999;24(5):445-450.

33. Kanayama M, Cunningham BW, Sefter JC, et al. Does spinal instrumentation influence the healing process of posterolateral spinal fusion? An in vivo animal model. Spine. 1999;24(11):1058-1065.

34. Kotani Y, Cunningham BW, Parker LM, Kanayama M, McAfee PC. Static and fatigue biomehanical properties of anterior thoracolumbar instrumentation systems. A synthetic testing model. Spine. 1999;24(14):1406-1413.

35. Oda I, Cunningham BW, Buckley RA, et al. Does spinal kyphotic deformity influence the biomechanical characteristics of the adjacent motion segments? An in vivo animal model. Spine. 1999;24(20):2139-2146. 36. McAfee PC, Cunningham BW, Lee GA, et al. Revision strategies for salvaging or improving failed cylindrical cages. Spine, 1999;24(20):2147-2153.

37. Polly DW Jr, Klemme WR, Cunningham BW, Burnette JB, Haggerty CJ, Oda I. The biomechanical significance of anterior column support in a simulated single-level spinal fusion. J Spinal Disord. 2000;13(1):58-62.

38. Orchowski J, Polly DW Jr, Klemme WR, Oda, I, Cunningham BW. The effect of kyphosis on the mechanical strength of a long-segment posterior construct using a synthetic model. Spine. 2000;25(13):1644-1648.

39. Kanayama M, Cunningham BW, Haggerty CJ, Abumi K, Kaneda K, McAfee, PC. An in vitro biomechanical investigation of the stability and stress-shielding effect of lumbar interbody fusion devices. J Neurosurg. 2000;93(suppl 2):259-265.

40. Oda I, Cunningham BW, Lee GA, Abumi K, Kaneda K, McAfee PC. Biomechanical properties of anterior thoracolumbar multisegmental fixation. An analysis of construct stiffness and screw-rod strain. Spine. 2000;25(18):2303-2311.

41. Spiegel DA, Cunningham BW, Oda, I, Dormans JP, McAfee PC, Drummond DS. Anterior vertebral screw strain with and without solid interspace support. Spine. 2000;25(21):2755-2761.

42. Henriques T, Cunningham BW, Olerud C, et al. Biomechanical comparison of five different atlantoaxial posterior fixation techniques. Spine. 2000;25(22):2877-2883.

43. Belmont PJ, Polly DW Jr, Cunningham BW, Klemme WR. The effects of hook pattern and kyphotic angulation on mechanical strength and apical rod strain in a long-segment posterior construct using a synthetic model. Spine. 2001;26(6):627-635.

44. Shimamoto N, Cunningham BW, Dmitriev AE, Minami A, McAfee PC. Biomechanical evaluation of stand-alone interbody fusion cages in the cervical spine. Spine. 2001;26(19):432E-436E.

45. Klemme WR, Cunningham BW, Polly DW. Microradiographic and histopathologic findings in a human cage explant after two-level corpectomy. A case report. Spine. 2002;27(1):15E-17E.

46. McAfee PC, Lee GA, Fedder IL, Cunningham BW. Anterior BAK instrumentation and fusion: complete versus partial discectomy. Clin Ortho Rel Res. 2002;394:55-63.

47. Cunninham BW, Polly DW. The use of interbody cage devices for spinal deformity: a biomechanical perspective. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2002;(394):72-83.

48. Oda I, Abumi K, Cunningham BW, Kaneda K, McAfee PC. An in vitro human cadaveric study investigating the biomechanical properties of the thoracic spine. Spine. 2002;27(3):64E-70E.

49. Cunningham BW, Shimamoto N, Sefter JC, et al. Osseointegration of autograft versus osteogenic protein-1 in posterolateral spinal arthrodesis: emphasis on the comparative mechanisms of bone induction. Spine J. 2002;2(1):11-24. (Winner, 2001 North American Spine Society Basic Science Research Award)

50. Cunningham BW, Orbegoso CM, Dmitriev AE, Hallab NJ, Sefter JC, McAfee PC. The effect of titanium particulate on development and maintenance of a posterolateral spinal arthrodesis: an in vivo rabbit model. Spine. 2002;27(18):1971-1981.

51. Cunningham BW, Lowery GL, Serhan HA, et al. Total disc replacement arthroplasty using the Acroflex lumbar disc: a non-human primate model. Eur Spine J. 2002;11(suppl 2):115S-123S.

52. Tis JE, Klemme WR, Kirk KL, Murphy KP, Cunningham BW. Braided hamstring tendons for reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. Am J Sports Med. 2002;30(5):684-688.

53. Cunningham BW, Lewis SJ, Long J, Dmitriev AE, Linville DA, Bridwell KH. Biomechanical evaluation of lumbosacral reconstruction techniques for spondylolisthesis. Spine. 2002;27(21):2321-2327.

54. Lebwohl NA, Cunningham BW, Dmitriev A, et al. Biomechanical comparison of lumbosacral fixation techniques in a calf spine model. Spine. 2002;27(21):2312-2320.

55. Oda I, Abumi K, Kaneda K, Cunningham BW, McAfee PC. Biomechanical significance of discectomy, rib-head resection, and facetectomy in scoliosis surgery of the thoracic spine. J Japan Scoliosis Res Soc. 2002;17(1):23-28. (Winner, 2002 Best Paper, Japanese Scoliosis Research Society)

56. Cunningham BW, Orbegoso CM, Dmitriev AE, et al. The effect of spinal instrumentation particulate wear debris. An in vivo rabbit model and applied clinical study of retrieved instrumentation cases. Spine J. 2003;3(1):19-32. (Winner, 2002 North American Spine Society Basic Science Research Award)

57. McAfee PC, Cunningham BW, Orbegoso CM, Sefter JC, Dmitriev AE, Fedder IL. Analysis of porous ingrowth in intervertebral disc prosthesis: a nonhuman primate model. Spine. 2003;28(4):332-340. (Winner, 2001 Moe Exhibit Award, Scoliosis Research Society)

58. Polly DW, Cunningham BW, Kuklo TR, et al. Anterior thoracic scoliosis constructs: effect of rod diameter and intervertebral cages on multi-segmental construct stability. Spine J. 2003;3(3):213-219.

59. Lehman RA, Polly DW, Kuklo TR, Cunningham BW, Kirk KL, Belmont PJ. Straight-forward versus anatomic trajectory technique of thoracic pedicle screw fixation: a biomechanical analysis. Spine. 2003;28(18):2058-2065.

60. Betz RR, Cunningham BW, Selgrath C, Drewry T, Sherman MC. Preclinical testing of a wedge-rod system for fusionless correction of scoliosis. Spine. 2003;28(suppl 20):275S-278S.

61. McAfee PC, Polly DW, Cunningham BW, et al. Clinical summary statement – 2003 SRS Focus Edition. Spine. 2003;28(suppl 20):196S.

62. Cunningham BW, Hallab NJ, Polly DW, Gaines R, Lubicky J, McAfee PC. Basic science summary statement – 2003 SRS Focus Edition. Spine. 2003;28(suppl 20):195S.

63. McAfee PC, Cunningham BW, Dmitriev A, et al. Cervical disc replacement - porous coated motion prosthesis: a comparative biomechanical analysis showing the key role of the posterior longitudinal ligament. Spine. 2003;28(suppl 20):176S-185S.

64. McAfee PC, Fedder IL, Saiedy S, Shucosky EM, Cunningham BW. Experimental design of total disc replacement - experience with a prospective randomized study of the SB Charité. Spine. 2003;28(suppl 20):153S-162S.

65. Hallab NJ, Cunningham BW, Jacobs JJ. Spinal implant debris-induced osteolysis. Spine. 2003;28(suppl 20):125S-138S.

66. Cunningham BW, Dmitriev AE, Hu N, McAfee PC. General principles of total disc replacement arthroplasty: seventeen cases in a nonhuman primate model. Spine. 2003;28(suppl 20):118S-124S.

67. McAfee PC, Cunningham BW, Devine J, Williams E, Yu-Yahiro J: Classification of heterotopic ossification (HO) in artificial disk replacement. J Spinal Disord. 2003;16(4):384-389.

68. Cunningham BW, Gordon JD, Dmitriev AE, Hu N, McAfee PC. Biomechanical evaluation of total disc replacement arthroplasty: an in vitro human cadaveric model. Spine. 2003;28(suppl 20):110S-117S.

69. McAfee PC, Fedder IL, Saiedy S, Shucosky EM, Cunningham BW. SB Charité disc replacement: report of 60 prospective randomized cases in a US center. J Spinal Disord. 2003;16(4):424-433.

70. Jahng TA, Fu TS, Cunningham BW, Dmitriev AE, Kim DH. Endoscopic instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion with Healos and recombinant human growth/differentiation factor-5. Neurosurg. 2004;54(1):171-80. 71. Ito S, Ivancic PC, Panjabi MM, Cunningham BW. Soft tissue injury threshold during simulated whiplash: a biomechanical investigation. Spine. 2004;29(9):979-987.

72. Pearson AM, Panjabi MM, Ivancic PC, Ito S, Cunningham BW, Rubin W, Gimenez SE. Frontal impact causes ligamentous cervical spine injury. Spine. 2005;30(16):1852-1858.

73. Cunningham BW. Basic scientific considerations in total disc arthroplasty. Spine J. 4(suppl 6):219S-230S.

74. Guyer RD, McAfee PC, Hochschuler SH, Blumenthal SL, Fedder IL, Ohnmeiss DD, Cunningham BW. Prospective randomized study of the Charité artificial disc: data from two investigational centers. Spine J. 2004;4(suppl 6):252S-259S.

75. Shikinami Y, Kotani Y, Cunningham BW, Abumi K, Kaneda K. A biomimetic artificial disc with improved mechanical properties compared to biological intervertebral discs. Adv Functional Materials. 2004;14(11):1039-1046.

76. Kotani Y, Cunningham BW, Abumi K, et al. Multidirectional flexibility analysis of cervical artificial disc reconstruction: in vitro human cadaveric spine model. J Neurosurg Spine. 2005;2(2):188-194.

77. McAfee PC, DeVine JG, Chaput CD, Prybis BG, Fedder IL, Cunningham BW, Farrell DJ, Hess SJ, Vigna FE. The indications for interbody fusion cages in the treatment of spondylolisthesis: analysis of 120 cases. Spine. 2005;30(suppl 6):60S-65S.

78. Dmitriev AE, Cunningham BW, Hu N, Sell G, Vigna F, McAfee PC. Adjacent level intradiscal pressure and segmental kinematics following a cervical total disc replacement. Spine. 2005;30(10):1165-1172.

79. McAfee PC, Cunningham BW, Holsapple G, et al. A prospective, randomized, multicenter Food and Drug Administration investigational device exemption study of lumbar total disc replacement with the CHARITÉ artificial disc versus lumbar fusion: part II: evaluation of radiographic outcomes and correlation of surgical technique accuracy with clinical outcomes. Spine. 2005;30(14):1576-1583.

80. Kotani Y, Cunningham BW, Abumi K, et al. Multidirectional flexibility analysis of anterior and posterior lumbar artificial disc reconstruction: in vitro human cadaveric spine model. Eur Spine J. 2006;15(10):1511-1520.

81. McAfee PC, Geisler FH, Saiedy SS, Moore SV, Regan JJ, Guyer RD, Blumenthal SL, Fedder IL, Tortolani PJ, Cunningham BW. Revisability of the Charité artificial disc replacement: analysis of 688 patients enrolled in the US IDE study of the Charité Artificial Disc. Spine. 2006;31(11):1217-1226.

82. Tominaga Y, Maak TG, Ivancic PC, Panjabi MM, Cunningham BW. Head-turned rear impact causing dynamic cervical intervertebral foramen narrowing: implications for ganglion and nerve root injury. J Neurosurg Spine. 2006;4(5):380-387.

83. Hu N, Cunningham BW, McAfee PC, et al. Porous coated motion cervical disc replacement: a biomechanical, histomorphometric, and biologic wear analysis in a caprine model. Spine. 2006;31(15):1666-1673.

84. Tortolani PJ, Cunningham BW, Vigna F, Hu N, Zorn CM, McAfee PC. A comparison of retraction pressure during anterior cervical plate surgery and cervical disc replacement: a cadaveric study. J Spinal Disord. 2006;19(5):312-317.

85. McAfee PC, Cunningham BW, Hayes V, et al. Biomechanical analysis of rotational motions after disc arthroplasty: implications for patients with adult deformities. Spine. 2006;31(suppl 19):152S-160S.

86. Tortolani PJ, Cunningham BW, Eng M, McAfee PC, Holsapple GA, Adams KA. Prevalence of heterotopic ossification following total disc replacement. A prospective, randomized study of two hundred and seventy-six patients. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007;89(1):82-88.

87. Prybis BG, Tortolani PJ, Hu N, Zorn CM, McAfee PC, Cunningham BW. A comparative biomechanical analysis of spinal instability and instrumentation of the cervicothoracic junction: an in vitro human cadaveric model. J Spinal Disord. 2007;20(3):233-238.

88. Pimenta L, McAfee PC, Cappuccino A, Cunningham BW, Diaz R, Coutinho E. Superiority of multilevel cervical arthroplasty outcomes versus single-level outcomes: 229 consecutive PCM prostheses. Spine. 2007;32(12):1337-1344.

89. Chaput CD, Patel KV, Brindley GW, Roux MA, Hu N, Dmitriev A, Cunningham BW. Influence of a platelet concentrate on prosthetic bone ingrowth in a rabbit model. J Surg Orthop Adv. 2007;16(4):159-163.

90. Cunningham BW, McAfee PC, Geisler FH, et al. Distribution of in vivo and in vitro range of motion following 1-level arthroplasty with the CHARITÈ artificial disc compared with fusion. J Neurosurg Spine. 2008;8(1):7-12.

91. Cheng BC, Hafez MA, Cunningham B, Serhan H, Welch WC: Biomechanical evaluation of occipitocervical fusion: Impact of partial or sequential fixation. Spine J. 2008;8(5):821-826.

92. Taylor BA, Okubadejo GO, Patel AA, Talcott MR, Imamura T, Hu N, Cunningham BW. Evaluation of total disc arthroplasty: a canine model. Am J Orthop. 2008;37(4):64E-70E.

93. McAfee PC, Cunningham BW, Tortolani PJ, Fedder IL, Sefter JC, Davis C. 100 consecutive cases of degenerative lumbar conditions using a non-threaded locking screw system with a 90-degree locking cap. SAS J. 2009;3(1):1-10.

94. Cunningham BW, Berven SH, Hu N, Beatson HJ, DeDeyne PG, McAfee PC. Regeneration of a spinal ligament after total lumbar disk arthroplasty in primates. Cells Tissues Organs. 2009;190(6):346-355.

95. Cunningham, BW, Atkinson BL, Hu N, et al. Ceramic granules enhanced with B2A peptide for lumbar interbody spine fusion: an experimental study using an instrumented model in sheep. J Neurosurg Spine. 2009;10(4):300-307.

96. Cunningham BW, Hu N, Zorn CM, McAfee PC. Bioactive titanium calcium phosphate coating for disc arthroplasty: analysis of 58 vertebral endplates after 6- to 12-month implantation. Spine J. 2009;9(10):836-845.

97. Cunningham BW, Hu N, Beatson HJ, Serhan H, Sefter JC, McAfee PC. Revision strategies for single- and two-level total disc arthroplasty procedures: a biomechanical perspective. Spine J. 2009;9(9):735-743.

98. McAfee PC, Cappuccino A, Cunningham BW, et al. Lower incidence of dysphagia with cervical arthroplasty compared with ACDF in a prospective randomized clinical trial. J Spinal Disord. 2010;23(1):1-8.

99. Cunningham BW, Hu N, Zorn CM, McAfee PC. Comparative fixation methods of cervical disc arthroplasty versus conventional methods of anterior cervical arthrodesis: serration, teeth, keels or screws? J Neurosurg Spine. 2010;12(2):214-220.

100. Kretzer RM, Chaput C, Sciubba DM, Garonzik IM, Jallo GI, McAfee PC, Cunningham BW, Tortolani PJ. A computed tomography-based feasibility study of translaminar screw fixation in the upper thoracic spine. J Neurosurg Spine. 2010;12(3):286-292.

101. Cunningham BW, Sefter JC, Hu N, Kim SW, Bridwell KH, McAfee PC. Biomechanical comparison of iliac screws versus interbody femoral ring allograft on lumbosacral kinematics and sacral screw strain. Spine. 2010 Feb 26 [Epub ahead of print].

102. Cunningham BW, Hu N, Zorn CM, McAfee PC. Biomechanical comparison of single- and two-level cervical arthroplasty versus arthrodesis: effect on adjacent-level spinal kinematics. Spine J. 2010;10(4):341-349.

103. Cunningham BW, Dawson JM, Hu N, Kim SW, McAfee PC, Griffith SL. Preclinical evaluation of the Dynesys posterior spinal stabilization system: a nonhuman primate model. Spine J. 2010;10(9):775-783.

104. Kikkawa J, Cunningham BW, Shirado O, Hu N, McAfee PC, Oda H. Biomechanical evaluation of a posterolateral lumbar disc arthroplasty device: an in vitro human cadaveric model. Spine. 2010;35(19):1760-1768.

105. Kretzer RM, Hu N, Kikkawa J, Garonzik IM, Jallo GI, Tortolani PJ, McAfee PC, Cunningham BW. Surgical management of two- versus three-column injuries of the cervicothoracic junction: biomechanical comparison of translaminar screw and pedicle screw fixation using a cadaveric model. Spine. 2010;35(19):948E-954E.

106. Cunningham BW, Hu N, McAfee PC. Autologous growth factors versus autogenous graft for anterior cervical interbody fusion: an in vivo caprine model. J Neurosurg Spine. 2010;13(2):216-223.

107. Kretzer RM, Hu N, Umekoji H, Sciubba DM, Jallo GI, McAfee PC, Tortolani PJ, Cunningham BW. The effect of spinal instrumentation on kinematics at the cervicothoracic junction: emphasis on soft-tissue response in an in vitro human cadaveric model. J Neurosurg Spine. 2010;13(4):435-442.

108. Kikkawa J, Cunningham BW, Shirado O, Hu N, McAfee PC, Oda H. Multidirectional flexibility of the spine following posterior decompressive surgery after single-level cervical disc arthroplasty: an in vitro biomechanical investigation. Spine. 2010;35(25):1465E-1471E. (Winner, Whitecloud Award for Best Basic Science Paper, 16th Annual International Meeting of Advanced Spine Techniques)

109. Kretzer RM, Chaput CC, Sciubba DM, Garonzik IM, Jallo GI, McAfee PC, Cunningham BW, Tortolani PJ. A computed tomography-based morphometric study of thoracic pedicle anatomy in a random US trauma population. J Neurosurg Spine. 2011;14(2):235-243.

110. Kretzer RM, Hsu W, Hu N, Umekoji H, Jallo GI, McAfee PC, Tortolani PJ, Cunningham BW. Adjacent-level range of motion and intradiscal pressure following posterior cervical decompression and fixation: an in vitro human cadaveric model. Spine. 2012 Jan 5 [Epub ahead of print].

111. McAfee PC, Reah C, Gilder K, Eisermann L, Cunningham BW. A meta-analysis of comparative outcomes following cervical arthroplasty or anterior cervical fusion: results from 4 prospective multicenter randomized clinical trials and up to 1226 patients. Spine. 2012;37(11):943-952.

112. Molina C, Kretzer RM, Hu N, Umekoji H, Cunningham BW, Serhan H. Comparative in vitro biomechanical analysis of a novel posterior cervical fixation technique versus conventional posterior-based constructs. J Spinal Disord. 2012 Mar 20 [Epub ahead of print].

113. Kretzer RM, Molina C, Hu N, Umekoji H, Baaj AA, Serhan H, Cunningham BW: A Comparative Biomechanical Analysis of Stand Alone Versus Facet Screw and Pedicle Screw Augmented Lateral Interbody Arthrodesis: An In-Vitro Human Cadaveric Model. J Spinal Disord. 2013 Feb 1 [Epub ahead of print].

114. Cunningham BW, Hallab N, Hu N and McAfee PC: Epidrual Application of Spinal Instrumentation Particulate Wear Debris: A Comprehensive Evaluation of Neurotoxicity using an in-Vivo Animal Model. Submitted for Publication to J Neurosurg Spine 2013 Sep;19(3):336-50.

115. Henriques T, Cunningham BW, McAfee PC and Olerud C: In Vitro Biomechanical Evaluation of Four Fixation Techniques for Distractive-Flexion Injury Stage 3 of the Cervical Spine. Submitted for Publication to European Spine Journal (2/14/2013).

116. Tortolani PJ, Moatz BW, Parks BG, Cunningham BW, Sefter JC and Kretzer RM: Cadaver Training Module for Teaching Thoracic Pedicle Screw Placement to Residents. Orthopedics. 2013 Sep 1;36(9):e1128-33.

Non-Indexed Journal Publications:

1. Cunningham BW, DeMuth GE, McAfee PC, et al. Survivorship analysis of the CHARITĖ Artificial Disc: review of 1,938 patients from eight leading international spine centers. Roundtables in Spine Surg. 2006;1(4):31-37.

2. McAfee PC, Pimenta L, Cappuccino A, Cunningham BW, Link HD. Porous coated motion comprehensive modular system for differential indications. Roundtables in Spine Surg. 2007;2(1):55-70.

Book Chapters:

1. Cunningham, BW, et al. Video assisted spinal surgery: laboratory protocol. In: Regan JJ, McAfee PC, Mack MJ. Atlas of Endoscopic Spine Surgery. St. Louis, MO: Quality Medical Publishing; 1995:18-26.

2. Goldstein JA, Cunningham BW, McAfee PC. Spinal instrumentation for thoracic and lumbar fractures. In: Rothman R, Simeone F, eds. The Spine, 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company; 1998:1037-1070.

3. Lee GA, Cunningham BW, McAfee PC. Lumbosacral instrumentation. In: Weinstein S, ed. The Pediatric Spine: Principles and Practice, 2nd ed. New York, NY: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999:547-557.

4. Cunningham BW. A biomechanical approach to posterior spinal instrumentation: principles and applications. In: Dewald RL, ed. Spinal Deformities: The Comprehensive Text. New York, NY: Thieme Publishers; 2003:589-600.

5. McAfee, PC, Cunningham BW, Shimamoto N, et al. SB Charité disc replacement: biologic ingrowth using a nonhuman primate model. In: Buttner-Janz K, Hochschuler SH, McAfee PC, eds. The Artificial Disc. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag; 2003:53-71.

6. Polly DW, Klemme WR, Kuklo TR, Belmont PJ, Cunningham, BW. Biomechanics of anterior column support. In: Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, eds. Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery. St. Louis, MO: Quality Medical Publishing: 2003:27-36.

7. Cunningham, BW, Bagby GW, McAfee PC. Design of interbody fusion cages: historical considerations and current perspectives in cage technology. In: Corbin TP, Connolly PJ, Yuan HA, Bao Q, Boden SD, eds. Emerging Spine Surgery Technologies. St Louis, MO: Quality Medical Publishing; 2005.

8. Cunningham BW. Biomechanics and preclinical studies. In: CHARITÈ Teaching Modules. St Louis, MO: Quality Medical Publishing; 2004.

9. McAfee PC, Cunningham BW. The Cervitech porous coated motion cervical disc replacement. In: Guyer RD, Zigler JE, eds. Spinal Arthroplasty: A New Era in Spine Care. St. Louis, MO: Quality Medical Publishing; 2005:239-254.

10. Cunningham BW, Anderson PA. Preclinical evaluation of dynamic spinal stabilization: animal models and basic scientific methods. In:Yue JJ, Bertagnoli R, McAfee PC, An HS, eds. Motion Preservation Surgery of the Spine: Advanced Techniques and Controversies. Philadelphia, PA:Saunders; 2008: 63-74.

11. Pimenta L, Diaz R, McAfee PC, Cappuccino AG, Cunningham BW, Hazem N, Juliano L and Gharzeddine I: Cervical Disc Replacement Revisions: Clinical and Biomechanical Considerations In:Yue JJ, Bertagnoli R, McAfee PC, An HS, eds. Motion Preservation Surgery of the Spine: Advanced Techniques and Controversies. Philadelphia, PA:Saunders; 2008:287-296.

12. McAfee PC, Cunningham BW. Artificial Disc - Lumbar. In: Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. 2nd Edition. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier, Publishing Inc., 2005:1639-1651.

13. McAfee PC, Cunningham BW and Sengupta DK: The Rationale Behind Dynamic Posterior Spinal Instrumentation – the Concept of “Gradations of Fusion in the Thoracolumbar Spine. . In: Senguptan DK , eds. Motion Preservation Surgery of the Spine: Advanced Techniques and Controversies2nd Edition. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier, Publishing Inc., 2005:1639-1651. Underlined portion needs to be updated.

Research Awards

2012 European Orthopaedic Research Society - Best Podium Presentation: Translation Research

2010 Cervical Spine Research Society Basic Science Resident Research Award

2009 Whitecloud Award for Best Basic Science Paper,16th Annual International Meeting of Advanced Spine Techniques

2007 Spine Arthroplasty Society Best Overall Paper Award for Spinal Research

2005 Spine Arthroplasty Society Best Paper Award for Basic Science Research

2003 North American Spine Society Henry Farfan Award for contributions to orthopaedic spinal biomechanics and non-operative care in the field of spinal research

2002 Best Paper of the Society Award – Japanese Scoliosis Research Society

2002 North American Spine Society Award for Basic Science Spinal Research

2001 North American Spine Society Award for Basic Science Spinal Research

2001 Moe Exhibit Award, Scoliosis Research Society

1998 Moe Exhibit Award, Scoliosis Research Society

1998 Japanese Spine Research Society Award for Basic Science

1993 Raine Residents Prize, St. George’s Hospital, London

1992 Annual Richards Resident Award for Basic Science Orthopaedic Research

1992 Cervical Spine Research Society Basic Science Research Award

1991 North American Spine Society Award for Spinal Research

1991 American Orthopaedic Association Award for Orthopaedic Spinal Research

1991 Cervical Spine Research Society Residents Award for Cervical Spine Research

1989 Volvo Award for Basic Science Research in Low Back Pain